Do not use commercial jewelry cleaners on pearls unless the labels say they are safe for pearls. Many of them contain ammonia, which will cause deterioration. Never clean pearls in an ultrasonic cleaner. It can damage the pearls and wash out the color if the pearls have been dyed.
Never use detergents, bleaches, powdered cleansers, baking soda or ammonia-based cleaners on pearls. Do not use toothbrushes, scouring pads or abrasive materials to clean pearls.
They can scratch their surface. If there's a lump of dirt that can't be rubbed off with a soft cloth, try using your fingernails. Cleaning pearls is not complicated. After you wear them, just wipe them off with a soft cloth or chamois which can be dry or damp. This will prevent the dirt from accumulating and keep perspiration, which is slightly acidic, from eating away at the pearl nacre.
The pearls can be washed in water and a mild soap such as Ivory or Lux liquid some liquid soaps, such as Dawn, can damage pearls and cleaned with a soft cloth but not a brush. Pay attention to the areas around the drill holes where dirt may tend to collect. After washing them, lay the pearls flat in a moist kitchen towel to dry.
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After the towel is dry, they should be dry. Do not wear pearls when their string is wet. Wet strings stretch and attract dirt which is hard to remove. Likewise do not hang pearls to dry. If the pearls become dehydrated, they can get brittle and crack. Consequently, they should not be kept near heaters or in places that get strong sunlight, such as on a window sill.
Safe deposit boxes can be unusually dry, so if you ever store pearls there, try to take them out occasionally and expose them to humidity or moisture. Sealed plastic bags are not the best place for pearls. They can keep them from breathing and getting moisture. Jewelry pouches or cloth bags should be used to keep in something that will protect them from scratches.
Pearls can also be wrapped in soft material and kept wherever convenient. Pearl necklaces can stretch with time and the string can get dirty and weak. Thus, they should be restrung periodically-about once a year, but that depends on how often they are worn. Fine pearls should be strung with silk and with knots tied between each pearl. This prevents them from rubbing against each other and from scattering if the string should break. Occasionally pearls are strung with gold beads. According to a Los Angeles pearl stringer, gold turns pearls ivory-colored and coral black, and this is a permanent discoloration.
Therefore, it's not advisable to string expensive pearls with gold beads. Take your pearls off when applying cosmetics, hair sprays and perfume. These beauty aids are made of chemicals and acids which can harm your pearls. Take your pearls off when showering or swimming.
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It's not good to get the string wet, plus the chlorine or soap can damage the pearls. Pearl rings should be taken off when washing your hands or the dishes. Put the ring in a protective container or safe spot where it won't accidentally fall in the drain or get lost. One of the very first differences between real and fake pearls is no other than their weight. If you grab a real pearl necklace in one hand and a faux pearl necklace with the same amount of gems in the other, more often than not, the real pearls will feel heavier.
Since the technologies used in manufacturing pearls are constantly developing, many imitation pearls on the market feel just as heavy as the real gems. While plastic and resin pearls will immediately feel very light when held, other materials like composite or shell will imitate the weight of the real pearls quite well.
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Image Source: thepearlsource. Beauty is rarely defined by perfection — and natural pearls are the best example of that. One of the first things to assess when admiring a new necklace or bracelet is whether the pearls are perfectly round. And, by contrast, manufactured pearls, be it the case of glass, composite, plastic or shell are always faultlessly round. If you are determined to find out whether your gorgeous pearl necklace features natural pearls, simply observe them closely using a magnifying glass. If each pearl seems perfectly symmetrical and round, then chances are you are looking at a faux pearl necklace.
But if you discover that your jewelry piece features pearls that display small asymmetries , off-round or possibly even elongated, oval shapes, then you are probably the lucky owner of a genuine pearl necklace.
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Just like anything else created by Mother Nature, no two pearls are identical. One of the most noticeable differences between real and fake pearls is the fact that they are quite different in texture. More precisely, real pearls come with subtle ridges, while faux pearls are always smooth and crease-free.
This slightly wrinkly texture might not be visible to the bare eye, but there is a very efficient way of testing it out. Imitation pearls are always slippery, which is another good indicator of their origin. If your pearl has a slightly gritty feel to it, then you are looking at a real, natural beauty. You tried weighing your pearls and even gave the tooth test a try, but you are still not sure whether you are the owner of real pearls or just a quality batch of fakes. This next evaluation will solve your dilemma — and all you need for this test is a bit of sunshine.
But more than that, exposing your pearls to bright sun will show whether they are all perfectly matched or not. A necklace that features pearls that are all equally crisp white in the sun will most likely be a fake pearl necklace. A necklace or bracelet that comes with pearls with slight color variations and a subtle yellow or occasionally pink tinge will most likely be the real deal.
And as you might have guessed, the vast majority of fake pearls will likely feel warmer and stay at room temperature whether worn or not. By comparison, while real pearls will initially feel cooler, they will adjust to your body temperature once you wear them. There are some really high quality fake pearls out there which can imitate the thermic properties of real pearls.
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