Kauano 2 , 5 , Vivianne Eilers 6 , Ivan M. Corresponding Author: Renato R. Keywords agriculture , Amazon , biodiversity conservation , Cerrado , ecosystem services , land-use policy , soybean plantation. Open in new tab. Download in PowerPoint. Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3. Biodiversity Inventories. Stakeholder Participation. Economic Importance. Declaration of Conflicting Interests.
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Costanza, R. Global Environmental Change — De Luca, A. Drummond, J. Fearnside, P. Environmental Conservation 28 01 : 23 — In: Ray, R. Scale Retrieved from www. Agricultural census]. International Union for Conservation of Nature. The IUCN red list of threatened species. Version Mustin, K. As principais diretrizes que nortearam este plano foram:. Quadro 2. Figura 1. Figura 2. Figura 3. Acesso em: 10 set. ARNT, R. Acesso: 16 jun. Plano Plurianual Plano Mais Brasil Acesso: 21 de jan Acesso: 10 de dez. Publicado em Dez. The government decision to issue a zoning document that does not meet the requirements set out in Brazilian federal law Brazil, a appears to represent a step in the direction of a business-as-usual scenario rather than a prioritization of sustainable development and biodiversity conservation.
The methodology used to develop the ZSC is not adequate as a basis for a socioenvironmental zoning of the savannas. The ZSC is based on soil classification and mapping derived from just 16 soil pits and an unspecified number of inventories of woody vegetation.
Contrary to Brazilian legislation Brazil, a , no assessments were made in the field regarding fauna, ecosystem services or the social importance of the savannas, and no plans were included for monitoring and minimising social and environmental impacts. The conclusions made in the report regarding appropriate land uses across the savanna habitats cannot be supported by the methodology employed, and, as such, the ZSC should be disregarded. In the following sections, we highlight some specific requirements that should have been considered in the ZSC and that are essential for an appropriate zoning.
Despite just a small number of inventories having been carried out, evidence already shows a rich faunal community that varies across the savannas. Black and Borreria amapaensis E. In particular, quilombos are located in these savannas Silva, , of which 31 have their lands officially recognized by the Brazilian Federal Government Colares, Indeed, However, it is important to note that a significant part of this value has already been changed, given that The loss of ecosystem services would increase further if the zoning suggested by the ZSC were to be implemented, converting a further Specifically, most of the areas currently within PAs are not sufficiently protected.
However, expansion of PAs should not focus only on one area of the state Figure 2. Protecting just one part of the savanna complex risks leaving part of its biodiversity unprotected. A more complete inventory of the biodiversity of these savannas, covering their full extent and including longer term sampling, would certainly increase the list of known species.
The ZSC also represents a threat to the way-of-life of the quilombola populations. We recommend that any zoning document must be produced in partnership with representatives of these communities and should identify strategies to avoid cultural deterioration and other negative impacts on the traditional and indigenous populations, including impacts resulting from modification of the ecosystem.
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We are not against agricultural production. Indeed, we all require food production. In contrast, the type of agribusiness suggested in the ZSC generates very few jobs for local people and threatens traditional ways of life.
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This highlights a rationale for the state government to consider increasing support to family farms in order to recover their productivity and increase employment instead of choosing to facilitate commodity production in a highly unequal land-distribution system. Sustainable development, which is among the stated objectives of the ZSC, requires economic development in concert with the maintenance of environmental equilibrium and guarantees of social justice.
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We are grateful to C. Silva for valuable considerations during our first discussions on this subject. We are also grateful to an anonymous reviewer who made valuable comments on a first version of this paper and to Dr. Jane McDonald who kindly revised the manuscript for English. PCI: Skip to main content. Tropical Conservation Science. Article Menu. Download PDF. Open EPUB. Cite Citation Tools. How to cite this article If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice.
Renato R. Castro, Salustiano V. Kauano, Vivianne Eilers, Ivan M. Silva, Ana M. Euler, and William Douglas de Carvalho. Download Citation If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Share Share. Recommend to a friend. Sharing links are not available for this article. I have read and accept the terms and conditions.
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